Long Island Wills and Death Notes, 1771-1776

In the name of God, Amen. I, JOSEPH SKILLMAN, of Bushwyck, in Kings County, on Nassau Island, being sick, I leave to my eldest son, Thomas, 20 shillings before any Division. I leave to my wife Sarah the use of all my estate so long as she remains my widow. If she marries she is to have 100, and a bed and my negro Tom, to wait on her during her life. All my underaged children are to be brought up and educated out of my estate until 18 years old. "I leave to my son Joseph, after the death of my wife, all those certain tracts or lots of ground in Bushwyck known as No. 8, in the Clearland, and No. 2 in the Woodland; Also the tenth part of the meadow which fell to the share of my wife out of the estate of her mother, Elizabeth Meserole, wife of John Meserole, deceased." And he is to pay 500 as follows: To my wife 50. To my son Thomas 50, and 50 yearly till he has 250. The remaining 200 he is to pay to my executors in yearly payments of 50, to enable them to pay the legacies to my daughters. I leave to my son John all that certain tract of land in Bushwyck whereon I now live, with all thereto belonging, and he is to pay as follows: To my wife 50; To my son Thomas 50, and 50 yearly till he has 250; and 500 to my executors to enable them to pay daughters' legacies. I leave to my daughters, Elizabeth, wife of Albertus Vandewater, Ann, Maria, Sarah, and Mercy, each 100. Rest of estate to all my children. I make my wife Sarah, and my brother-in-law, Jacob Meserole, and my friend, Theodorus Polhemus, executors.

In the name of God, Amen, (???) 1771. I, STEPHEN JARVIS, of Hunttington, in Suffolk County, on the Island of Nassau, farmer, "being under the Decay and falling under the infirmity of Old Age, but of perfect mind." "My executors are to pay all just debts and receive all just debts." "I leave to my wife Anna the horse that is her choice, likewise a saddle and bridle, or chair if she pleases, and that not only once or twice but at all times." "And it is my will that my wife shall have hur choice of the Rumes or Houses and have command of the hol affaire with my tue Sons so long as she remains my widow, and no longer." "I have given to my tue oldest sons their part by a Deed of gift, that is to Stephen and Austin some years ago." As my 3 daughters that are married had a cow and a calf and six sheep apiece, I give my daughters, Ann and Ruth, each the same. I leave to my tue youngest sons, John and Nathaniel, all my houses and buildings and my right in the Baiting Place Purchase, with a part of a lot all ready laid out, above the Swamp, that parts Copioge and Great Neck; Also all my rights not disposed of in all the Purchases in the Town Spot of Hunttington. I leave to my daughter Ann free liberty in the house so long as she remains single. I leave to Isaac Denice 3. To Austin Jarvis, Stephen Higbie, and Hezekiah Wickes, 5 shillings each. To my grandson, William Jarvis, 5 shillings. I make my wife Ann, and my sons, John and Nathaniel, executors.

"I, MOSES OWEN, of the White Plains, in the County of Westchester, do make and publish this to be my last Will and Testament. I leave to my son Moses the house where I now live, and 100 acres of land adjoining, called the Homestead; Also a piece of woodland situate in the Hills, in the White Plains, being 15 acres"; "Also a Square called the Spring Square situate on Minifels Island, commonly called the New City Island, containing 30 house lots, 100 feet long and 25 feet wide." And he shall pay 50. I leave to my wife Elizabeth the use of the 3 west rooms in my dwelling house, and the use of 1/3 of my Homestead, and 2 cows, and 4 best chairs, and best bed. My executors are to sell all movables, and pay all debts; from the remainder, they are to pay to Esther, wife of John Jones, 1/4. To Sarah, wife of Josiah Disbrow, 1/4. To Mary, daughter of William Ascaugh, 1/4. I leave to Josiah Disbrow and to Thomas, son of my son Cornell Owen, "a Square of 30 house lots on Minifels Island called the Square above the meadows." I leave to Nathaniel Adams, and to Stephen, another son of Cornell Owen, deceased, "another Square of 30 house lots called the Meadow Square, and joining the creek." I leave to Jemima, daughter of Cornell Owen, 5 house lots on said Island. To Susanah, daughter of my daughter, Esther Dobbin, 5 house lots. To Elizabeth, another child of my daughter Esther, 5 house lots. To Samuel, son of my daughter Mary, 5 house lots. To Samuel, son of my daughter Sarah, 5 house lots. To my wife 5 lots; "also one Water Square of 30 house lots on the lower end of the Island." I leave to Nathaniel Adams all that piece of land about which there was formerly a law suit between Samuel Purdy and myself. I make Michael Chatterton, of Phillipsburgh and my wife, executors.

 In the name of God, Amen, May 16, 1771. I, RICHARD DINGEE, of Hunttington, in Suffolk County, being of perfect mind. I leave to my wife Rachel, and to my youngest daughter, Elizabeth, the use of my house and all my land in the Half Hollow, so long as she remains my widow. I leave to my son Arthur all my lands and meadows, "lying upon a Neck of land at the south side of Long Island, commonly called and known by the name of Sumpwams, and for which I have given him a deed, which I confirm." "I also give him as a Token of Love, 10." I leave to my oldest daughter, Mary, wife of Obadiah Gildersleeve, 30. I leave to my daughter Rachel, wife of Elnathan Wickes, a certain tract of land in Hunttington in Squaw Pit Purchase, in the Dicks Hills, being 17 acres, which belonged to Thomas Smith, bounded west and south by George Norton, east by Silas Corel, north by my other land. I leave to my daughter Ruth, wife of Zachariah Rogers, a piece of land adjoining the above, and formerly belonged to Cornelius Hartt, being 56 acres, bounded east by the highway that leads from Nathaniel Buffett's to Timothy Corel's, south by Silas Corel, west by Selah Corel, north by land given to my daughter Rachel. I leave to my youngest daughter, Elizabeth, "all that tract of lands and buildings where I now live, at a place called and known as the Half Hollow, in the York Purchase," being 60 acres, bounded west by Peter Ruland and Epenetus Conkling, south by the same, east by Johanes Nostrand and Peter Ruland, north by Peter Ruland. "But she is only to have the use of 1/2 till her mother is done with it." All movable estate to be sold, and debts paid. Of all the remainder I leave 1/3 to my wife. To my daughter Ruth 2/3 of the remainder, and the rest to my daughter Rachel. I make Jonah Wood, Jacobus Nostrand, and Daniel Wickes, executors.

"Know all men by these Presents that I, AMOS PLATT, of Hunttington, in Suffolk County, on Nassau Island, blacksmith, this 16 of August, 1771, being weak in body." I leave to my wife Sarah one good cow as she shall choose, and the use of 1/3 of all my lands and buildings so long as she remains my widow, and no longer. I give her 1/2 of my household goods. I leave to my son Zebulon the value of 6, out of that piece of land lying near John Wheeler's, before any division; and I leave him 1/2 of all the remainder of said land. I leave to my daughter Zerviah all the rest of the piece of land lying near John Wheeler's, and 1/2 of my household goods. I leave to my son Nathan my homestead where I now live, with all the buildings, and all the remainder of the land that I bought of the executors of Abiel Titus, and all my Plain land lying on the Great Plains, in the Purchase lately made by Robert Williams. I leave to my wife for the use of the family 5 bushels of wheat, 5 of Rye, 10 of Indian Corn, and 1/4 of a fat cow, "and one swine to fat of the larger sort." I leave to my grandson, Amos Platt, one suit of my best wearing apparell, and the rest to my sons, Jonas and Nathan. I leave to my son Nathan all the rest of my movable estate, and he is to give to my wife, yearly, 6 pounds of wool, 10 of flax, and 2 cords of wood, and he is to pay all debts. I make my friends, Solomon Ketcham and Timothy Conkling, executors.

In the name of God, Amen. I, JOHN VEGHTE, of Richmond County, Gent., "at present laboring under some indisposition." All debts to be paid. I leave to my son Nicholas my silver hilted sword, sheath, and belt. I leave to my son Gerritt my silver Tankard. I leave to my said sons all my wearing apparell. I leave to my wife Cornelia the use of all my estate while she remains my widow. I leave to my son Gerritt 25. To my daughter, Catharine Vanderbilt, 25. To my granddaughter, Cornelia Hoogland, 25. To my granddaughters, Cornelia Veghte and Geritie Veghte, daughters of my son Johanes, 25. All the rest of movables I leave to my children, Nicholas, Gerritt, and Catharine, and to my grandchildren, Cornelia Hooghland, Cornelia and Geritie Veghte. I leave to my wife Cornelia the use of all lands and meadows during her life; then my executors are to sell, and from the proceeds I leave to my daughter, Catharine Vanderbilt, 300. To my granddaughter, Cornelia Hoogland, 300. To my granddaughter, Cornelia Mersereau, 70. Whereas my son Nicholas, without my permission, has sold to William Groom 6 acres of land formerly part of the farm, now possessed by John Lake, for 70. And whereas I am indebted to him 70 for money expended by him on repairs at home. He is to release the same. I make my son Gerritt, and Daniel Mersereau, and my son-in-law, Christophel Hoogland, of Long Island, executors.

 In the name of God, Amen. I, RACHEL WINNE, of New York, spinster, being of sound mind. I direct all just debts to be paid. I leave to my loving friends, James Beekman, of New York, merchant, and Rev. Abraham Kettletas, of Jamaica, on Long Island, all my estate, except wearing apparell, which I give to Jane, wife of James Beekman. I make James Beekman, executor.

In the name of God, Amen. I, THOMAS WALTON, of New York, merchant, being in perfect health. I leave to my sister, Mrs. Mary Morris, wife of Lewis Morris, Esq., 500. To my sister Magdalene, wife of David Johnston, Esq., 500. My executors are to put 1000 at interest, and pay the interest to my sister Catharine, wife of Mr. James Thompson, during her life, and then to her children. When her youngest child is of age, it is to be divided among them. My executors are to put 500 at interest, and the interest to be paid to my mother, Mrs. Mary Walton, and at her death to my four brothers, William, Jacob, Abraham, and Gerard Walton. I leave to my godchildren, William Morris, son of Lewis Morris, Esq., Joana, daughter of David Johnston, Esq., Anne, and Catharine, the daughters of Mr. James Thompson, Anne, daughter of William Walton, Henry, son of Jacob Walton, and Abraham, son of Abraham Walton, 250. "My executors are to put at interest 2000 for the use of my natural son, James Walton, who is now at School at Newtown, on Long Island, and the principal to be paid to him when 21." I leave to my said natural son, James Walton, all my right in a certain tract of land on the north side of the Mohawk river in Albany County, granted by Letters Patent, August 12, 1768, to William Walton, Jr., and eleven others including myself. If he dies under the age of 20, it is to go to my brothers. My brothers are to divide the same into lots, and he is to abide with the division. "And I recommend my brothers to promote settlements on said Lots." I leave all the rest to my four brothers, and make them executors.

"Know all men by these Presents that I, ROBERT CROOKER, of Rye, in Westchester County, yeoman, being this 15 of March, 1773, infirm, and willing to set my house in order." "I order my executors to bury my Body in a decent Christian like manner." I leave to my son William all my lands, mills, buildings, and meadows in Rye; and he is to pay to Jacobus Vankoswel, of New York, and to the executors of William Tolman, and to John Butler, all the money I owe them. My executors may sell all my lands in Queens County on Long Island, and pay all debts. I leave to my wife Dinah 24 yearly for her support, and the use of all personal estate, during her life, and then to my three daughters, Anne Crooker, Sarah Burtice, and Elizabeth Pettit. I leave all the rest of my money to my four children. I leave to my daughter Anne my riding chair. I make my son William, John Monfort, of Westbury, and Timothy Titus, of Westbury, executors.

"Know all men by these Presents that I, TIMOTHY SAMMIS, of Hunttington, in Suffolk County, on Nassau Island, being in reasonable health," April 19, 1773. My executors are to pay all debts. I leave to my wife Elizabeth the use of 1/3 of my houses, lands, and fast estate, so long as she remains my widow, and no longer; Also the use of 1/3 of the household goods, including one bed with its furniture and a round table, and my "Great high candlestick," and one cupboard. I leave to my son Timothy all my lands on the west side of the highway, west of the house, and so running down to the other highway, near the Tanyards, containing 20 acres; Also the south half of all my Plains land joining to the Country road, being 20 acres; Also 1/3 of my right in the undivided lands in the Old and New Purchase. I leave to my son Joseph all my homestead on the east side of the road, with all the buildings, being 5 or 6 acres; Also the north half of all Plains land toward the Long Swamp, being 20 acres. My son Timothy is to pay to my son John 30; and my son Joseph is to pay to my son John 80. And my son Joseph shall maintain my wife during her widowhood. I leave to my son Joseph my ox cart and team, plough, and corn harrow. My executors shall set apart for my family as much wool, flax, and provisions as necessary. I leave to my sons, John and Joseph, 2/3 of all my rights in the Old and New Purchases, And I leave each of them a bed. All the movable estate left to my wife is, after her death, to go to my daughter, Elizabeth Sneeder. My executors are to sell all my lands on the West Neck. And all money, after paying debts, is to go to my sons, Timothy and Joseph. I make my brother, Sylvanus Sammis, and my good friend, Jonas Platt, executors.

In the name of God, Amen. I, HANNAH WORTMAN, of Kings County, on Long Island, widow, being weak in body. All debts to be paid out of the interest due to my estate. I leave to my son, Guysbert Bogert, 50. To my daughter, Kayah (Keziah?) Creed, wife of William Creed, 78. To my daughter, Nielchy Brasier, wife of Abraham Brasier, 43. To my daughter Catharine, wife of Thomas Everit, 25. To my daughter Alety, wife of Hendrick Wyckoff, 25. To my daughter Elizabeth, wife of Daniel Winter, 56. To my granddaughter Marechy, daughter of Nicholas Wortman, 13, when of age. I make Guysbert Bogert, William Creed, and Daniel Winter, executors.

In the name of God, Amen. I, ISAAC WILLET, of the Borrough Town of Westchester, Gentleman, being at present weak in body. I leave to my wife Margaret, during her life, all that my neck of land or farm and meadow, called Cromwell's Neck, whereon I now live. After her death, the said Neck or farm is to be divided into two equal parts, by lines to set off and begin at a large white oak tree upon the bank near or adjoining the "Bonding Field," which tree I have marked with two notches on four sides, and from thence to run such a course as will divide it into two equal parts, quantity and quality. And the east part, with the buildings and improvements, is to be for my nephew, Isaac Willett, and he is to provide a good sufficient maintainance for my brother, William Willett. The west half is to be for my nephew, Lewis Graham. "I think proper here to declare that this last mentioned half given to the said Lewis Graham, was intended for my nephew Gilbert Colden Willett; But his grandfather Governor Colden, (who I suppose is well able to make handsome provision for him) has treated me and my wife very unkindly in removing my nephew, Lewis Graham, from the office of Sherriff of this County; which I resigned in his favor, expecting it would have been some provision for him, And my wife in consideration of this bequest has consented that my lands in the Mohawk Country, which I had expressly engaged to devise to her, shall be otherwise disposed of." "I leave to my wife all my personal estate, for this reason, that all my slaves except three came by her; and her industry and prudence has procured the greater part of the rest. And she will have the power by this to reward those who treat her with respect and civility; as I have no children of my own to provide for. And I request her to assist my nephew Isaac Willett as long as he behaves dutifully to her." I do request that she will take care of Anna McElworth until she is of age or married. I also leave a good support for my brother William. I leave to my nephew, Lewis Graham, that part of Cow Neck, in the Borrough of Westchester, which is in possession of Ichabod Lewis, on which he now lives. And he is to pay to my brother, Cornelius Willett, 200, but if he be not living, then to his children. I leave to my brother, Cornelius Willett, the use of my salt meadow at Black Rock during his life. I also leave him all my lands, tenements, and real estate of Barren Island or Flatlands, in Kings County, upon Nassau Island, commonly called Long Island. I have conveyed to Lewis Graham a small farm in the Manor of Cortlandt, and the payment of 600 is charged for the same. My lands in the Mohawk Country, which were left to my wife by her father, are to be sold by my executors, and they are to put 500 at interest for the education of Thomas McElworth and 500 for Anna McElworth. After paying all debts, my executors are to use money to assist my nephew, Gilbert Willett, "if he is so situated that a small sum of money will be of use to him; not to exceed 150, but not to pay his debts." I recommend my nephews, Isaac Willett and Lewis Graham, who have been brought up in my family, to live together in Brotherly Love and promote each other's interest and rights. I make my brother Cornelius, and Lewis Graham, and my nephew, Richard Morris, Esq., executors.

In the name of God, Amen. I, JOHN ASPINWALL, late of New York, merchant, now of Flushing, in Queens County, on Nassau Island, being in good health. I leave to my wife Rebecca 1,000 and all my wrought plate, household furniture, negroes, horses and cattle, so long as she remains my widow. But if she marries, all but the 1,000 to return to my estate. All the rest of my estate I leave to my three sons, John Lloyd, William Smith, and Gilbert. If all my sons die, then I leave all to Hannah, wife of Leonard Kort-right, merchant in New York, except 500, which I leave to my niece, Elizabeth Gremel, wife of Thomas Gremel. "My wife is to have the use of my house in Flushing, or my house in New York, where I formerly lived, and where Lawrence Kortright lives, at her choice." I make my wife Rebecca, and her brother, William Smith, and Paschal N. Smith, and Mr. Benjamin Kissam, executors.

 In the name of God, Amen. I, DAVID GARDINER, of the Isle of Wight, Gentleman, being indisposed in body. I leave to my wife Jerusha 350, and a negro slave, and all the household goods she brought into my family at the time of our marriage, and the use of 1/2 of all my lands in East Hampton, for life. I leave to my sister, Jerusha Gardiner, 100. I leave to my brother, Septimus Gardiner, 40. To my sister Hannah, 25. I leave to my son, David Gardiner, all my lands in the township of New London, and all my lands in East Hampton, and all the rest of my personal estate. I leave to my oldest son, John Lyon Gardiner, all my Island called Isle of Wight, or Gardiner's Island, being at the east end of Long Island. To him and to his heirs lawfully begotten. And in default of such heirs, then to my son David and his lawful heirs, and in default of such, then to my next heirs. I leave to my son, John Lyon Gardiner, all husbandry implements. My new house shall be finished out of the rents of the Island, and all the materials I have procured shall be used for that purpose. My family are to remain together upon my Island. My executors shall sell the live stock, and rent the Island for the benefit of my eldest son. I make my two uncles, Col. Abraham Gardiner, and Capt. David Mulford, and my friend, Thomas Wickham, Esq., executors. My children are to be brought up in a suitable manner till of age.

In the name of God, Amen. I, ISAAC PRALL, of Staten Island, being in perfect health. All debts to be paid. I leave to my wife Mary the interest on 300, yearly, and the furniture of a room, and two feather beds, and the use of two bedrooms, and my negro woman "Hagor," and 2 cows and a horse, and her firewood, "so long as she lives on my farm or lot called No. 5"; Also the pasturing on Lot No. 6. I leave to my son Peter, a negro boy. I leave to my son Lewis all my farm and Lot No. 6, and 1/2 of my meadow within the bounds of Woodbridge, New Jersey, "at the Sunken Marsh"; Also a negro boy and a silver cup. "I leave to my son Isaac all my Farms or Plantation known as Lot No. 5, on Staten Island." And 1/2 of my salt meadow at Woodbridge, New Jersey, "in Sunken Marsh"; Also a negro boy and silver tankard. All the rest of my estate I leave to my 5 daughters, Mary, Esther, Catharine, Altie, and Margaret. "But the share of my daughter Margaret is to be left at interest for her, so long as she remains the wife of James Forrest; but after his death she is to have her part." After the death of my wife I leave the 300 to my daughters. I make Benjamin Seaman, John Micheau, and Christopher Billings, executors.

In the name of God, Amen, June 17, 1774. I. ANDREW SKIDMORE, of Hempsted, in Queens County, on the Island of Nassau, "cordwinder," being in bodily health and strength. "I do order in the first place that all just debts and funeral charges be paid." I leave to my wife Abigail 100, and "my best bed and bedstead, and furniture complete for one bed," and a cupboard and all linnen, a tea kettle, spinning wheel, and warming pan, "and the use of my Great Bible, as long as she liveth, and after that she is Dead I do give my said Bible to my son, Andrew Skidmore." All the rest of my estate, real and personal, I order to be sold by my executors. From the proceeds I leave to my beloved grandson, Andrew Golder, 10, when of age. To my granddaughter, Abigail Skidmore, 10, when 18. To my son Andrew all my wearing clothes. To my wife the use of 200, and my executors are to provide provisions for her for six months. To my son Andrew 100, after the death of my wife. All the rest to my three children, Andrew, Phebe, wife of William Golder, and Mary, wife of Benjamin Everitt. I make my wife, and my son Andrew, and my sons-in-law, executors.

In the name of God, Amen. I, PETER CONYN, of the Mohawk river, in Tryon County. "I leave to my eldest son, Petrus, a silver cup marked P. W., for his birthright"; Also the land whereon I now live, stretching north until 100 yards, north of a small creek or run of water, a little south of the house where Giles now lives, which 100 yards is to be taken half way between the land of Harman and John Wemp, and then to be taken right across my land. I leave to my son John all the land I have bought lately of Jeremiah Quackenboss, lying on the south side of the Mohawk river, with the house, barn, and grist mill, "except 100 acres along the Rane" (Run?), from the land of the heirs of Johanes Quackenboss to Aries creek. I leave to my son Abraham all the rest of my land, north from the land of my son Petrus, and 100 acres on the south side of the river above reserved; Also the land which I shall yet purchase from John Butler. I leave to my three sons my saw mill standing on the land given to my son John. I order that the barn which I have agreed to have built by Peter Myndert and David Quackenboss shall be built on my son Abraham's land, and my sons, Petrus and John, shall build for my son Abraham, a house 30 feet long and 24 feet wide; and they are to cause to be cleared each 5 morgens of land, for my son Abraham, if he is married or requires the same. I leave to Ariantie, daughter of my daughter Alley, 60. I leave to my daughter Deborah 60 and a negro man, and furniture, the same as my daughter Alley has had, and a cow, "and a pan to warm the bed," and a silver table spoon. I leave to my two daughters all my wife's linnen, and two cows and my pewter and pots. I leave to my son Petrus my silver watch. To my son John my large Bible. To my son Abraham my desk. I leave all my books to my 5 children, and the rest of my negroes to my sons, when of age. My other sons are to maintain my son Abraham, "and give him Learning." "If my daughter Alley, who has married Adam Zielen, shall live without him (he has now left her), she shall live in the house of Robert Spenner, with a good garden, to be kept in good fence, and she is to have each year, during her lonlyness, 6 scheppels of wheat, 3 of corn, 3 pounds of wool, 12 loads of wood, and a cow." If her husband shall come and live in peace for one year, then my sons shall pay her each 10. I leave to my sons all my farming tools, and when my son Abraham is married he shall have a new wagon, etc. I leave to my 2 daughters each a bed, and Deborah is to have "my Lady's Looking Glass." I leave to my sons all my lands at Schenectady, lying on John Wemps island, and the land between Wilson and Abeel and Hansen's Patent. My wife Rebecca is to stay in full possession of all my estate. I make Christopher Yates and my brother Myndert, and Andrew Wemple, executors.

In the name of God, Amen. I, JOHANES LOTT, of the township of Flatlands, in Kings County, yeoman. "Knowing that it behoveth every man to set his worldly estate in such order if possible before he departeth this life, that no strife or Debate may arise about the same." All debts to be paid. I leave to my son Johanes all that certain messuage, dwelling house, and farm, or tract of land and meadow in Flatbush, bounded as follows: Beginning at the eastermost corner of the land of Joost Wyckoff, and from thence running with a straight line to a certain ditch in the meadow, "near a small island, so called, on the west side of a small sand bridge, upon the said ditch," and from thence running easterly along the ditch to the bay, thence along the bay "until it comes to a certain creek, called the Stroomkill," from thence along the said Stroomkill to the bounds of the land which was purchased by me of Peter Wyckoff, and so along the said bounds until it comes to the southermost corner of the land of Joost Wyckoff, and from thence along the same to beginning. Also 1/2 of a certain tract of woodland in Flatbush in the Neck, so called, which was purchased by me from the heirs of Martin Schenck; the whole being 41 acres; and bounded east by the Long Vly, so called, west by the division line, south by Johanes Lott, and north by woodland of the estate of Dominicus Van der Veer, being the south half; "Also a lot of meadow in Flatlands, at a place called Freezen hook," bounded west by a lot of meadow of Dirck Remsen, east by a lot of meadow of my own. It being one of the lots I bought of Peter Wyckoff. I leave to my son Petrus all that tract of land and meadow in Flatlands, beginning at the east corner of the land of Joost Wyckoff; and thence northeast along the fence, until it comes to the bounds between me and William Stootoff, and thence along said bounds to the Bay, and so along the Bay to a certain ditch, near a small island, and so west along the ditch to the west side of a small sand bridge aforesaid, and from thence to the beginning; and adjoining the land and meadow I have given to my son Johanes; Also 1/2 of the tract of woodland above mentioned. Also a lot of meadow in the Great meadow, so called, bounded northwest by the upland of Gerritt Wyckoff, northeast by the meadow of Petrus Ammerman, and partly by Hermanus Hoogland, south by a creek, southwest by meadow of Gerritt Wyckoff. I leave to my son Jeromus all that tract of land in Flatlands, bounded south by the Stroomkill, west by Bernardus Ryder, northwest by Albert Terhune and Jan Ammerman, north and northeast by Joost Wyckoff, and east by my own land. It being land I bought of Peter Wyckoff. Also a tract of land and meadow in Flatlands, beginning at the east corner of Joost Wyckoff, and thence northeast along the fence to the bounds between me and Willem Stootoff. From thence along the same to the land of Hermanus Hoogland, thence along his land and a piece of common land, to land of Joost Wyckoff, from thence to beginning. Also a tract of woodland in Flatlands in the Neck, so called, bounded northeast by the woodland of Aaron Van Pelt, northeast by woodland of Joost Wyckoff, southeast by the division line, northwest by Johanes Lott, being 15 acres. Also a lot of woodland in Flatlands Neck, aforesaid, bounded southeast by Dirck Remsen and Peter Wyckoff, northwest by woodland of Isaac Selaver, Thomas Ellsworth, Ulphiamus Van Sinderen, and Dirck Remsen, southwest by Johanes Lott, northeast by Division line, being 7 acres; Also a lot of meadow in Flatlands at a place called Freezen Hook, bounded east by Johanes Ditmars and west by me, being a tract I bought of Peter Wyckoff. Also all my right in the undivided lands and meadows in Flatlands Neck, which I bought of Peter Wyckoff. I leave to my said sons all my undivided lands and meadows, beaches and marshes, which I bought of Willem Stoothoff. And my son Johanes shall pay 1,450, and my son Petrus shall pay 1,150, and my son Jeromus shall pay 1,500. I leave to my sons, Johanes and Petrus, 1,100 each, and to my son Jeromus 1,750. I leave to my daughters, Neeltie, wife of Jacob Snedeker, Antye, wife of Stephen Lott, Maria, wife of Gavel Boerum, and Dorothy, wife of John Van Leave, each 1,000. I leave to the children of my son Hendrick, deceased, viz., Johanes, Roelof, Joris, Antye, and Catrina, 1,100. To the daughter of my son Joris, deceased, viz., Janettie, wife of Nicholas Cowenhoven, 550. To Maria, the daughter of my grandson Johanes, deceased, who was the son of my son Joris, 550 when she is of age. I leave to the children of my daughter Cathrine, late wife of Dirck Remsen, viz., Johanes and Dirck, 1,000. To my grandson, Johanes Lott, son of my son Hendrick, deceased, 5 for his birthright. All the rest of my estate to my children and grandchildren above named. I make my sons, Johanes, Petrus, and Jeromus, executors.

In the name of God, Amen, January 10, 1775. I, HENRY PEARSALL, of Hempstead, in Queens County, on Nassau Island, being weak in body. All debts and charges to be paid. I leave to my wife Martha all my indoor movables, and the use of the house where I live, so long as she remains my widow, and then to my two grandsons, Henry, son of Hezekiah Pearsall, and Joseph, son of my son, James Pearsall, deceased. I leave to the sons of my son, James Pearsall, deceased, viz., Joseph, James, Henry, and Daniel, all the land I purchased of Isaac Balding (Baldwin?), whereon my son, James Pearsall's, house now stands; Also 10 acres of cleared land adjoining the west side of Joseph Bedell's farm, where he now lives. I leave to my grandson William, son of my son, Henry Pearsall, deceased, all that land and buildings that I purchased of James Burtis, lying between Edward Cornwall and Thomas Hendrickson, and adjoining to Thomas Hendrickson's land, and the road that leads from Edward Cornwall's to Forster's Meadows. And he is to pay to his brother, John Pearsall, 5, and to my grandson, John Muggin, 5, when of age, and to my wife Martha 5 yearly. If he neglects to do so, my executors are to sell enough for that purpose. I leave to my son Hezekiah all the rest of my real and personal estate, except my Patent Right, "provided he finds for his mother, bread, corn, beef and pork sufficient for such a woman," "Also a good garden, well fenced, and pasture and food for two cows, and her firewood at the door cut for her, fit to put on the fire." I leave to my son Hezekiah one-third of my Patent Right in the Patent of Hempstead, and one-third to my grandson William, and one-third to the sons of my son James. I make my son Hezekiah and my friends, Richard Hewlett and Carman Dorlon, executors.

In the name of God, Amen. I, STEPHEN VAN RENSSELAER, Esq., Proprietor of the Manor of Rensselaerwyck, being in a reasonable state of health. "I commit my Body to the Earth, to be buried in a manner decent and suitable to my rank, at the discretion of my executors." Upon the remarriage of my wife or upon the first legal possession of my Manor, by virtue of this will. I give to my wife Catharine all that my Island, commonly called Martin Gerritsen's Island, situate in Hudson river, to the southward of the city of Albany, and now in possession of Col. John Bradstreet, by lease under me, being part of my Manor; Also a homestead on the main, opposite the upper end of said Island, bounded north on the city line, south by the land of the heirs of Fletcher Holland, and extending from the river, westward till it takes in 100 acres. These are to her for life in lieu of dower. I leave to Philip Livingston and Abraham Ten Eyck, Esquires, all my Manor, with all and singular, the lands and improvements. In Trust, for my eldest son, Stephen Van Rensselaer, and his heirs male; and in default of such heirs, then to my son Philip and his heirs male. And in default, then to the heirs male of the succeeding sons. In default then to heirs male of my sister Elizabeth, wife of Abraham Ten Broeck, Esq. And in default then to male heirs of my aunt, Gertrude Livingston, and in default to the male heirs of my aunt, Anne Schuyler, and in default to my kinsman, John Van Rensselaer, Esq. I leave to my son Philip all my house and lot in the first ward in Albany, near the English Church. And all my lands in the Patent commonly called Walomscock Patent, granted to Edward Collins, James De Lancey, and others, June 15, 1739, situate on the east side of Hudson river; Also a lot in my Manor, on the west side of the highway that leads from Albany to Walter Vliet (Watervliet), bounded east by said street or highway, north by the lot of Lucas Van Vegten, south by the lot of Peter Dox, being 110 feet front and 40 rods long; Also a tract in my Manor on the east side of Hudson river, at a place called Scotack, bounded on the river, and to run east between the lands of John Beekman and Johanes Van Bueren, until it makes 1,500 acres. With a grist mill and sawmill on Scotack creek, with the privilege of getting logs on any part of my Manor. I also leave him out of the rents of my Manor, the sum of 1,500. I leave to my daughter Elizabeth, a certain lot of ground on the west side of the highway that leads from Albany to Water Vliet, bounded north by the lot laid out for Casparus Van Vie, east by the highway, being in front 200 feet Rhineland measure, and 31 rods in length. I also leave her 500 acres on the east side of Hudson river on and near Pooston Kill, and towards the head of said creek, to be laid out by my executors. With a sawmill and ground for a dam and 30 acres adjoining; Also a farm now in occupation of Philip P. Schuyler, on the west side of Hudson river, bounded east by the river, south by Steen hook, north by Jonas Oothout's land, west by Cornelius W. Vandenburgh, and to include the vacant land and farm now in tenure of Johanis Van Arneem. I also leave her 1,500 out of the rents of my Manor. I leave to my son Philip and my daughter Elizabeth all my land in the Manor of Cortlandt, in Westchester County. I leave to my wife the income of my estate until my son Stephen is of age, and she is to maintain, educate, and bring up my children, in a manner suitable to their birth, and also pay all debts. If my wife marries, she is to have 1,000, and a chariot and pair of good horses. I make my wife Catharine and my father-in-law, Philip Livingston, Esq., and my brother-in-law, Abraham Ten Broeck, Esq., and my friends, John Ten Eyck, Esq., of Albany, and Gerardus Groesbeck, executors.

Dr. William Smith was son of Nathaniel Smith, Esq., owner of the Patentship of Moriches. He died August 1, 1775, in the 48th year of his age. He married Ruth, daughter of Zebulon Howell. She died December 27, 1785, aged 49. Their son William was a physician in Philadelphia. John Smith was physician in Southampton, and died there in 1828. Ruth Smith married Dr. Ebenezer Sage, of Sagg Harbor, Long Island, who was member of Congress, and member of Constitutional Convention of this State. Mary Smith married John Pelletreau, of Southampton. She died December 2, 1817, in her 58th year. Phebe Smith died unmarried.

In the name of God, Amen. "I, PETRUS BOGARDUS, of Kingston, in the County of Ulster, being weak in Body, but of sound Memory Blessed be God therefor." I leave to my wife Rebecca all my estate, real and personal, during her natural life, "in case she so long remains my widow. But if she marries, then no more than the Law in such cases alows." I leave to my eldest son, Evert Bogardus, "for Primogeniture, my Pipe and Cane, to debar him from making any further claim on that account." I leave to my other 5 children, viz., Jacob, Petrus, Gerrytie, Marytie, and Catharine, 100 each, after the death of my wife. "In order to bring them upon a par with my son Evert as to what I have already given him." I leave to my daughter Catharine the same value of goods, and other things, which I have given to my other daughters as an outset. I leave to my son Jacob a negro boy named "Will," and he shall pay to my other children 50. I leave to my daughter Marytie, wife of Benjamin Low, a negro boy, and she shall pay 50. I leave to my son Petrus all my blacksmith tools. "I leave to all my children all my right in lands lying on New York Island, formerly in possession of Annatje Bogardus, deceased, and was confirmed to her children by Richard Nicolls, Esq., in the year 1667." To each 1/6 after the death of my wife. I leave to all my children all the lands which are descended to me from my brother, Evert Bogardus, deceased, and all the rest of my estate. I make my son Jacob and my sons-in-law, Coenradt Corns, Elmendorph and Benjamin Low, executors.

 [NOTE.--The descendants of Benjamin Blydenburgh are still prominent in Smithtown. The house left to his son Richard is still standing at Smithtown Branch, one of the oldest on Long Island. For a more extended account of this family, see "Records of Smithtown."]

In the name of God, Amen. I, WILLIAM BEADELL, of Charlotte Precinct, in Duchess County, being weak in body, June 19, 1775. I leave to my wife Sarah 100, and one feather bed and furniture, in satisfaction and in lieu of her thirds and right of dower in my real estate. I leave to my son William 50. To my son John 50, and one cow that I bought of Henry Filkin, Esq., and a heifer, and 7 sheep and a bay mare; Also the use of 1/3 of my lands until sold, and he is to pay 1/3 of the expense and "to furnish yearly and lay into a good fence 500 new rails." And my wife and my unmarried children shall have the improvement of the other 2/3. I leave to my 3 daughters, Elizabeth, Hannah, and Eleanor, each a bed with its furniture, and one cow, and household furniture equal with my other two daughters that are married, and to each 5 sheep, when 18. I leave to my daughters, Mary, wife of Jacob Vandewater, and Sarah, wife of Daniel Doughty, each 5 sheep. To my brother, Daniel Beadell, of Queens County, on Long Island, 5. My son Daniel is to have the cow that my brother, Daniel Beadell, gave him. My executors are to sell all lands and pay all debts and legacies, and pay the remainder to my two youngest sons, Daniel and Jesse, to be put at interest towards schooling and bringing them up till they are of age to be put to trades, which they shall choose. I make my wife Sarah, and Jacob Smith, of Charlotte Precinct, executors.

"I, DAVID HUNT, of the Borrough town of Westchester, do on this 30 day of the 3d month called March, in the year of our Lord 1772, being in perfect health." "First of all I desire my Body to be decently buried by my executors, and all funeral expenses and debts to be paid." I leave to my son David, 5 shillings. "I also give him my Barclay's Apology." I leave to my son Stephanus my "History of Thomas Story." I leave to my son Theophilus "a certain piece of salt meadow lying on the south side of Byvanck's Ditch, in the Township of Westchester"; Also a little book called "Piety Promoted." I leave to my son Isaac 1/2 of my right on Minnifer's Island, except two lots; Also my desk and Bible and my negro boy, "Ephraim." I leave to my daughter, Mary Field, my "Thomas Chalkley's Journal," "and my executors are to give her a new silver Tankard to be valued at 20." I leave to my granddaughter, Mary Hunt, daughter of my son Josiah, 10; Also two lots on Minifer's Island of the first Division. I leave to my granddaughter, Gulelmo Hunt, 10. To my granddaughter, Eleanor Hunt, daughter of my son Aaron, 10, when 18. "I leave to the heirs of my son, Josiah Hunt, if any appear, 5 shillings." I leave to my granddaughter Mary, daughter of my son Josiah, and my granddaughter Mary, daughter of my son Aaron, all my silver spoons. I leave to my son Aaron all my farm of land and salt meadow called Long Neck, in the Borrough and town of Westchester, with all houses and buildings; Also a 25 privilege in the Town Commonage, and 1/2 of a right in Minifer's Island, and my silver Tankard, and all my movable estate "in the house and out of the house"; Also my negroes, "Dick, Peter, and Harry." I leave to Rebecca, wife of my son Aaron, "2 little negroes, and my executors are to bring them up to good business until they are 24 years old, when they shall be free." I make my son Aaron, executor.

[This page and the following are occupied with a copy of the will of Thomas Truxton, of Jamaica, Long Island. This is dated November 18, 1761, and proved October 18, 1765. An abstract will be found in Vol. VI of this series, page 421. It was reprobated April 17, 1776. At that time John Troup, the executor, was dead, and his son, John T. Troup, his executor, resigned and Letters of Administration on the estate of Thomas Truxton were granted to Abraham De Peyster, principal creditor. Thomas Truxton, son of the testator, was the famous Commodore Truxton whose naval victories are so glorious a part of the history of our country. An extended account of his life may be found in Thompson's "History of Long Island."]

 In the name of God, Amen. I, JACOBUS ROOSEVELT, of New York, merchant, being in good health. I leave to my granddaughter Catharine, wife of Abraham Van Ranst, of Bushwyck, on Long Island, all that my messuge or dwelling house and lands at Raritan Landing in East New Jersey, purchased of Evert Duyckinck; Also all my farms and land in Bushwyck, in Kings County, on Nassau Island, whereon her father lately lived, and which I purchased of the heirs of John Alberson, during her life; Also all that certain messuge or dwelling house and two lots in the Out Ward of New York, on the north side of a certain street called Roosevelt street, being Lots 47-48, during her life; Also a house and lot in St. James street, No. 193, being 25 feet front by 100 feet; Also a house and lot in John street, now in occupation of Walter Hyer, during her life, and after her death the said farms, houses, and lots shall descend to her children; Also a lot lying at Peck Slip, in Montgomrie Ward, known on a certain map as No. 3, bounded southwest toward the Slip, southeast by the lot of one Mitchener, northeast by lot of Andrew Barclay, deceased, northwest by my own lot, being 20 by 48 feet, during her life, and then to her son, John Roosevelt Van Ranst. If all her children die, then to my sons, Isaac and Adolphus, and the children of Helena Barclay, deceased, and to my four other grandchildren, Nicholas Roosevelt, James Cromeline, Peter Roosevelt, and Jacobus Roosevelt, Jr. I leave to my grandson, Jacobus Roosevelt, the only child of my son Christopher, deceased, 2 houses and lots, bounded southwest by Peck Slip, northwest by Queen street, northeast by lot of Dirck Lefferts, southeast by late John Burger. "They are now ocupied by Captain Ritchie, and one Liever." Also a lot, No. 1, ocupied by John Cargill, bounded southwest by the pier of said Slip, northwest by Water street, northeast by Andrew Barclay, and southeast by Lot 2, being 20 feet by 48; Also 2 houses and lots in St. James street, No. 169-170, for his life and then to his children. If he dies without issue, then to my children and grandchildren. I leave to my son Adolphus a house and lot bounded southwest by Peck Slip, south by lot late of my son Jacobus, northeast by Dirck Lefferts, northwest by my own lot, being 24 feet by 75 1/2, with a gangway 3 feet wide to Water street; Also 2 lots in St. James street, 66 and 89; Also a house and lot on Peck Slip, No. 5, bounded southwest by Peck Slip, southeast by Lot 6 of my grandson, Nicholas Roosevelt, northeast by Andrew Barclay, northwest by Lot 4, for life and then to his children. I leave to my son, Isaac Roosevelt, all the vacant land southward of Lot 8, on Peck Slip, with right to a grant of water lot; Also Lot No. 7, bounded southeast by the storehouse on Lot 8 of my grandson, Peter Roosevelt, and northwest by the storehouse on Lot No. 6 of my grandson, Nicholas Ranst, 24 by 48. "And he is to pay the quit rent on the whole block, except the lot of Andrew Barclay." I leave to my grandson Nicholas, the only child of my son, Nicholas Roosevelt, deceased, Lot No. 6, bounded southwest by Peck Slip, northwest by Lot 5, southeast by Lot 7; Also a house and lot bounded south by Water street, east by Dirck Lefferts, north by James Cromeline, west by Nicholas Roosevelt, during his life, and then to his children. I leave to my grandson, James Cromeline, son of my daughter Sarah, deceased, a house and lot on Burnet's Key, in the East Ward, bounded northwest by Archibald Kennedy, southwest by the Slip, southeast towards the house and ground in possession of John Brigham, northeast by the house and ground of John Marschalk, being 20 feet by 58; Also a lot in Queen street on a certain map, No. 14, in Montgomrie Ward, now in tenure of Lewis Richel; Also a lot and storehouse in Montgomrie Ward, in tenure of Comfort Sands, bounded southwest by Peck Slip, southeast by Nicholas Roosevelt's house and ground, north by a gangway adjoining to Dirck Lefferts, northwest by Adolphus Roosevelt; Also Lot 5, bounded southwest by Peck Slip; Also two lots in Rutgers street, Nos. 80-83, And Lot 150 in St. James street. To him for life, then for his children. I leave to my grandson, Peter Roosevelt, only child of my son Peter, deceased, a house and lot No. 8 on Peck Slip; Also No. 2 on Peck Slip; Also another lot on Peck Slip; Also a house and lot now in tenure of widow Jauncey, bounded north by Wall street, and lies between the house of Thomas White and my son, Isaac Roosevelt; Also a house and lot bounded north by Ferry street, west by Edward Burling, east by heirs of Ariantie Montanye. During his life and then to his children. I leave to the children of my daughter Helena Barclay, viz., Thomas, James, Andrew, Henry, John, Anne, Catharine, Sarah, Margaret, Helena, and Amelia, 2,800. To my son Isaac, 650. To my grandson Nicholas 550. To my grandson, James Cromeline, 1600. To my granddaughter, Sarah Roosevelt, daughter of my son Isaac, 100. To my granddaughter, Catharine Van Ranst, 500. All the rest, real and personal, I leave to my sons, Isaac and Adolphus, and my grandchildren. Whereas I conveyed to my son Christopher two houses and lots in New York, and he, shortly before his death, purchased of the widow Brombus a small farm or plantation at Bushwick, which I paid for. And whereas he died intestate, leaving a son Jacobus, and if he should die under age the said houses and lots and farm would descend to my granddaughter, Catharine Van Ranst, as only child of my son John, as heir at law. She is prohibited from taking any advantage of the same. I make my sons, Isaac and Augustus Van Cortlandt, executors.

 [NOTE.--The Snedeker family came to what is now Rockland County, from Hempstead, Long Island, about 1717. Their farms included the land around Congers Station, West Shore Railroad. The property of Theodorus Snedeker was confiscated after the Revolution.]